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Thailand shut out of US democracy summit again

Thailand shut out of US democracy summit again

WASHINGTON: Thailand has once more been excluded from US President Joe Biden’s second “Summit for Democracy”, where he is expected to pledge US$700 million (B24 billion) in funds and a joint alliance against surveillance technology as US concern mounts over China and Russia.


Thursday 30 March 2023, 10:02AM

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken leaves after delivering remarks at a panel discussion on the status of women as part of the 2023 Summit for Democracy, on Tuesday (Mar 28) at the State Department in Washington. Photo: AFP

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken leaves after delivering remarks at a panel discussion on the status of women as part of the 2023 Summit for Democracy, on Tuesday (Mar 28) at the State Department in Washington. Photo: AFP

Hoping to show a more global front after his US-focused inaugural summit in 2021, Biden co-led the mostly virtual meeting yesterday (Mar 29) with the president of South Korea - who also agreed to host the next summit - as well as the leaders of Zambia, Costa Rica and The Netherlands.

But the 121-member gathering comes as rights groups allege backsliding in countries invited to the summit including Israel and India, both close US partners whose prime ministers have been accused of growing authoritarianism.

As in 2021, Thailand and Singapore are among the countries that have not been invited. Only three Southeast Asian states - the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia - will be taking part.

The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace offers a full list and analysis of who’s in and who’s out, based on US strategic interests and other factors. It can be found here.

Biden will announce $690mn in US funding to promote democracy overseas including through programmes to manage free elections, advance independent media and strengthen action against corruption, a US official said, a fresh commitment after $424mn offered at the first summit.

The Biden administration will also announce a joint effort with around 10 partners to counter the misuse and proliferation of spyware - which the United States fears has become a growing tool of China as its technological clout increases.

The effort will come two days after Biden banned the US government from using commercial spyware programs and as Biden’s Republican rivals lead a controversial push in Congress to ban TikTok, the popular Chinese-owned video-sharing app.

“The idea here is these technologies of course have lawful applications, but have also been shown to be heavily misused by authoritarian states,” the US official told reporters ahead of the summit.

“We want to kind of get states on the record in terms of promoting rules of the road for their use.”

Invitation controversy

Biden took office vowing to restore US credibility on democracy after the norms-shattering presidency of Donald Trump, whose supporters rampaged at the Capitol on Jan 6, 2021 instead of accepting the Republican tycoon’s defeat.

But Biden has come under fire from some allies for seeking to work with leaders from whom he once promised greater distance including Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, Egypt’s military ruler turned president Fattah al-Sisi and Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who has led Turkey for two decades.

None of the three leaders were invited to the summit. The United States also shunned Hungary, where Prime Minister Viktor Orban has challenged liberal values, as well as a number of close US partners including Bangladesh, Singapore and Thailand.

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Israel will take part but Biden on Tuesday made clear his unease over Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s bid to diminish the independence of the judiciary, which the right-wing leader finally paused after mass protests and a general strike.

“Like many strong supporters of Israel I’m very concerned,” Biden told reporters. “They cannot continue down this road, and I’ve sort of made that clear.”

The United States has mostly stayed silent over India, seen as a bulwark against China, where authorities under Prime Minister Narendra Modi have clamped down on media and last week expelled opposition leader Rahul Gandhi from parliament.

Biden also invited India’s historic rival Pakistan, where Imran Khan a year ago was ousted as prime minister and hit by a slew of charges, although Islamabad, a close partner of China, said it would work with the United States bilaterally rather than participating in the summit.

China, Russia cry foul

The United States has identified China as the sole long-term adversary to threaten the US-led liberal international order.

Chinese foreign ministry spokeswoman Mao Ning said the summit “hypes up confrontation” and will “stoke division in the name of democracy".

The United States has invited Taiwan, a self-governing democracy, even though it does not recognise it as a state, and has given prominent space to Ukraine as it fends off a Russian invasion.

Russia’s ambassador to Washington, Anatoly Antonov, accused the United States of hypocrisy, pointing to the country’s problems of “racism, gun violence, corruption and social inequality.”

“Democracy is not built on templates, but is a product of the internal development of a particular society,” he wrote in an essay.

“We have seen the disastrous consequences of the attempts to forcibly export American democracy to Iraq, Libya and Afghanistan.”

- Additional reporting by the Bangkok Post

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DeKaaskopp | 30 March 2023 - 18:46:06

Who cares if they are invited or not. One has to take only a look at those countries invited to see that most are either boots-liker of the US and many other are not really democratic countries. And Singapore not invited too?  Wow,the serial poster must be fuming right now.

Kurt | 30 March 2023 - 15:43:19

Of course Thailand is singled out. It is a diplomatic way to let Thailand know it has to restore democracy, what has gone since 2014. No army people in government and parliament chambers. No appointed representatives, only people chosen by the people. Army personal place is in the barracks. Just serve civile Government. Coup after coup, with 'Constitutions' written to serve it.


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