The decision was approved by the cabinet yesterday (Jan 28) after being proposed by Interior Minister Gen Anupong Paojinda. He said the 133-page master plan contains guidelines for action on four fronts: risk reduction, emergency response, international cooperation and restoration.
"The situation in each region varies, so governors are allowed to adjust the action plan to suit their local situation,” Gen Anupong told media yesterday.
The move comes after air pollution in four northern provinces soared this week following seasonal fires set by farmers to clear their land.
Levels of PM2.5 pollution have exceeded the government's safe threshold of 50 microgrammes per cubic metre (µg/m³) in Lampang, Nan, Phayao and Phrae provinces. The real-time PM2.5 level surged to over 400µg/m³ in parts of Phrae and Chiang Mai provinces on Monday (Jan 27).
Muang districts in neighbouring provinces were also hit hard. Phrae saw 146µg/m³ in tambon Na Chak, Nan recorded 111µg/m³ in tambon Nai Wiang, Phayao saw 103µg/m³ in tambon Ban Tom, while Nan had 67µg/m³ in tambon Huai Kone of Chalerm Prakiat district.
Meanwhile the 24-hour average in tambon Ban Dong of Lampang’s Mae Mo district soared to 189µg/m³ yesterday, according to the Pollution Control Department (PCD). The PCD also reported PM2.5 levels were building again in greater Bangkok after a few days of respite, though they remained below the safe threshold at 16-41 µg/m³ as of yesterday morning.
Deputy PM Prawit Wongsuwon has ordered officials to “enforce stringent legal actions” against people burning outdoor fires, his spokesman said.