The Englishman has left fellow Premier League club Brighton to move to Stamford Bridge, with Chelsea praising his “progressive football and innovative coaching”.
The 47-year-old earned widespread admiration for his work at Brighton on England’s south coast.
He led the Seagulls to a ninth-place finish last season and took them up to fourth in the table this term while demanding entertaining and tactically astute performances from his players.
Potter’s first game as Chelsea boss will be a derby at west London neighbours Fulham tomorrow, assuming games go ahead with talks of the schedule possibly being postponed as a mark of respect for Queen Elizabeth II, who died yesterday.
“I am incredibly proud and excited to represent Chelsea FC, this fantastic football club,” he said.
“I am very excited to partner with Chelsea’s new ownership group and look forward to meeting and working with the exciting group of players and to develop a team and culture that our amazing fans can be proud of.”
Chelsea chairman Todd Boehly, who axed Tuchel on Wednesday, just seven games into the new season, said he was “thrilled” to bring Potter to the club.
“He is a proven coach and an innovator in the Premier League who fits our vision for the club,” Boehly said.
“Not only is he extremely talented on the pitch, he has skills and capabilities that extend beyond the pitch which will make Chelsea a more successful club.”
Potter was mooted as a candidate for the Manchester United job eventually filled by Erik ten Hag after masterminding Brighton’s highest-ever league finish last season despite operating on a limited budget.
But when Chelsea came calling, Brighton were unable to stand in the his way as he had a release clause in his contract.
Potter’s impressive work in three years with Brighton, and during his previous spells at Swansea and Swedish club Ostersunds FK, marked him out as a rising managerial star.
His success in the dug-out has come after a modest playing career that included eight Premier League appearances at Southampton, but was mostly spent in the lower leagues.
“I am very disappointed that Graham will be leaving us. He has done exceptionally well over the past three-and-a-bit seasons -- he is an exceptional head coach and an exceptional person,” said Brighton chairman Tony Bloom.
Despite all the plaudits, Chelsea will give Potter his first taste of dealing with the egos of superstar players, while coping with ultra-demanding new US owners.
Already tipped as a future England boss, Potter will face the sternest test of his career as he assesses a volatile situation at Stamford Bridge.
Tuchel’s relationships with his players had reportedly deteriorated and there were tensions with the club hierarchy.
Chelsea’s statement tellingly highlighted the “collaborative, forward-thinking approach” of Potter, who will take members of Brighton’s backroom staff with him.
Tuchel, who replaced Frank Lampard in January 2021, was axed hours after an embarrassing 1-0 defeat in Chelsea’s Champions League opener against Dinamo Zagreb.
The club’s owners made the dramatic move even though the German led them to their second Champions League title in May 2021.
Last season they won the Club World Cup, reached two domestic cup finals and finished third in the Premier League.
But Tuchel departed with the club sitting a disappointing sixth in the Premier League after winning only three of their first six matches to sit five points behind leaders Arsenal.
Boehly’s consortium paid a world-record fee of £4.25 billion for a sports franchise to buy Chelsea from Roman Abramovich in May.
They spent heavily in the summer transfer window, signing a clutch of stars including forward Raheem Sterling from Manchester City and Napoli defender Kalidou Koulibaly.
But so far the outlay has not paid dividends, with damaging defeats against Leeds and Southampton before the nightmare start to their Champions League campaign in Croatia.