THE PAVILIONS PHUKET BRITISH INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL, PHUKET Kata Rocks
Login | Create Account Poll Currency Weather Facebook Youtube Search

Basque separatists ETA announce dissolution

SPAIN: Basque separatist group ETA has announced it is fully disbanding, marking the definitive end to its deadly independence campaign and to western Europe’s last armed insurgency.

violencepoliticsmurdercrime
By AFP

Thursday 3 May 2018, 09:46AM


ETA waged an armed campaign for independence for Basque territories in Spain and France. Photo: AFP

ETA waged an armed campaign for independence for Basque territories in Spain and France. Photo: AFP

Created in 1959 at the height of Francisco Franco’s dictatorship, ETA waged more then four decades of killings and kidnappings in its fight for an independent Basque homeland in northern Spain and southwest France, leaving at least 829 dead.

“ETA has decided to declare its historical cycle and functions terminated, putting an end to its journey,” the group said in a letter published yesterday (May 2) by Spanish online newspaper El Diario.

“ETA has completely dissolved all of its structures and declared an end to its political initiative.”

Dated April 16, the letter was addressed to various groups and figures involved in recent peace efforts, including former UN secretary general Kofi Annan, a Basque regional government representative said.

He expected ETA to make a further filmed declaration of its disbandment today (May 3), before a peace conference in southwest France on May 4.

Weakened in recent years by the arrests of its leaders in France, ETA announced a permanent ceasefire in 2011 and began formally surrendering its arms last year.

Some of its killings were especially traumatic for Spaniards, like that of Miguel Angel Blanco, a 29-year-old conservative councillor who was kidnapped in 1997, which marked a turning point in the fight against ETA.

After being held for 48-hours, he was shot twice in the back of the head.

Shouting “murderers”, hundreds of thousands took to the streets across Spain and the movement “Basta ya”, or “That’s Enough”, was born.

Basques yesterday welcomed news of ETA’s dissolution.

“It’s great news,” said Miguel, a 51-year-old butcher in San Sebastian, the seaside resort worst hit by ETA.

“We suffered a lot from terrorism for many years, and without reason.”

As that page of history closes, though, the delicate balancing act of healing and remembering takes over.

While an overwhelming majority of Basques welcome the end of violence, many still want independence, with separatist coalition EH Bildu the second largest grouping in the regional parliament.

“It’s the end of the armed struggle, but it’s about continuing the same fight through different means,” says Josian, who works for a gas company, on the rainy streets of seaside resort San Sebastian.

With more and more ETA prisoners released from jail, nationalists say reintegration into society is a necessary step towards lasting peace and reconciliation.

They argue that those still in jail should be transferred to prisons closer to home, rather than kept hundreds of kilometres away.

Some 300 ETA members are imprisoned in Spain, France and Portugal and up to 100 are still on the run, according to Forum Social, a group close to prisoners’ families.

But Spanish Interior Minister Juan Ignacio Zoido said yesterday that “they will not obtain a thing for making a declaration they call a dissolution”.

Many ETA victims or relatives say the separatist group should first and foremost condemn their history of violence and shed light on more than 350 unsolved crimes.

“This is not the end of ETA we wanted,” Consuelo Ordonez, head of the Covite victims’ association, said yesterday at a gathering in San Sebastian.

A partial apology by the separatist group last month, in which it acknowledged the harm done and apologised to some of its victims – but not to those it considered legitimate such as police – has left a sour after-taste.

There is also increasing concern in the region over how to remember the decades of violence.

Critics charge that Basque pro-independence parties like Sortu, which include among its ranks people once part of or linked to ETA, are trying to impose their own version of events.

Separatists argue that Basques have been repressed for decades, even centuries, by Spain and France.

That came to a head under Franco who forbade the use of the Basque language in public – cue ETA and its struggle against authority, which so many years later has finally come to an end.

 

 

Comment on this story

* Please login to comment. If you do not have an account please register below by simply entering a username, password and email address. You can still leave your comment below at the same time.

Comments Here:
Comments Left:
# Characters
Username:
Password:
E-mail:
Security:

Be the first to comment.

Have a news tip-off? Click here

 

Phuket community
Welcoming HMAS Canberra: Australian Navy head to Phuket for training and community activities

Pascale one wonders why the cereal is allowed. Emails to the Editor get no reply. I think Mr Cereal ...(Read More)


Tour boats blamed for widespread reef damage

Yup, the greedy, selfish locals are moving on to destroy the next beautiful island. They only care a...(Read More)


Phuket residents flame Governor over water shortages

Reservoirs that are empty. PWA having to pump water from private sources. Water pressure so low that...(Read More)


Phuket residents flame Governor over water shortages

A resident said: 'W have not had enough water since March 21! We have spent all our money on buy...(Read More)


Phuket residents flame Governor over water shortages

"“We are holding a meeting right now here at Provincial Hall about solving this problem and f...(Read More)


Mains water supply outage announced

""No water supply,no electricity,by temperatures around 37 degrees....."Silly,couldn&...(Read More)


Hunted seastead couple ‘traced to Tarutao’

If all the thai constructors/builders, and Officials did not acted so heavenly against any thai law ...(Read More)


Hunted seastead couple ‘traced to Tarutao’

Pulling out the big guns over what appears to be the "Mother of all Misunderstandings". Gr...(Read More)


Welcoming HMAS Canberra: Australian Navy head to Phuket for training and community activities

There are those people willing to join hands for a clean up and there are those who prefer to sit on...(Read More)


Tour boats blamed for widespread reef damage

These damages were not caused during the past Songkran, but over years of ignorant and reckless tour...(Read More)