CLASSIFIEDS ONLY THB 2,500 + VAT FOR 3 LANGUAGES The Phuket News Kata Rocks The Phuket News
The Phuket News World News
The Phuket News Phuket | Thailand | World | Business | Q&A | Weird World XML, RSS, Feed
The Phuket News The Phuket News
The Phuket News

Basque separatists ETA announce dissolution

SPAIN: Basque separatist group ETA has announced it is fully disbanding, marking the definitive end to its deadly independence campaign and to western Europe’s last armed insurgency.

violence, politics, murder, crime,


AFP

Thursday 3 May 2018, 09:46AM


ETA waged an armed campaign for independence for Basque territories in Spain and France. Photo: AFP
ETA waged an armed campaign for independence for Basque territories in Spain and France. Photo: AFP

Created in 1959 at the height of Francisco Franco’s dictatorship, ETA waged more then four decades of killings and kidnappings in its fight for an independent Basque homeland in northern Spain and southwest France, leaving at least 829 dead.

“ETA has decided to declare its historical cycle and functions terminated, putting an end to its journey,” the group said in a letter published yesterday (May 2) by Spanish online newspaper El Diario.

“ETA has completely dissolved all of its structures and declared an end to its political initiative.”

Dated April 16, the letter was addressed to various groups and figures involved in recent peace efforts, including former UN secretary general Kofi Annan, a Basque regional government representative said.

He expected ETA to make a further filmed declaration of its disbandment today (May 3), before a peace conference in southwest France on May 4.

Weakened in recent years by the arrests of its leaders in France, ETA announced a permanent ceasefire in 2011 and began formally surrendering its arms last year.

Some of its killings were especially traumatic for Spaniards, like that of Miguel Angel Blanco, a 29-year-old conservative councillor who was kidnapped in 1997, which marked a turning point in the fight against ETA.

After being held for 48-hours, he was shot twice in the back of the head.

Shouting “murderers”, hundreds of thousands took to the streets across Spain and the movement “Basta ya”, or “That’s Enough”, was born.

Basques yesterday welcomed news of ETA’s dissolution.

“It’s great news,” said Miguel, a 51-year-old butcher in San Sebastian, the seaside resort worst hit by ETA.

“We suffered a lot from terrorism for many years, and without reason.”

As that page of history closes, though, the delicate balancing act of healing and remembering takes over.

QSI International School Phuket

While an overwhelming majority of Basques welcome the end of violence, many still want independence, with separatist coalition EH Bildu the second largest grouping in the regional parliament.

“It’s the end of the armed struggle, but it’s about continuing the same fight through different means,” says Josian, who works for a gas company, on the rainy streets of seaside resort San Sebastian.

With more and more ETA prisoners released from jail, nationalists say reintegration into society is a necessary step towards lasting peace and reconciliation.

They argue that those still in jail should be transferred to prisons closer to home, rather than kept hundreds of kilometres away.

Some 300 ETA members are imprisoned in Spain, France and Portugal and up to 100 are still on the run, according to Forum Social, a group close to prisoners’ families.

But Spanish Interior Minister Juan Ignacio Zoido said yesterday that “they will not obtain a thing for making a declaration they call a dissolution”.

Many ETA victims or relatives say the separatist group should first and foremost condemn their history of violence and shed light on more than 350 unsolved crimes.

“This is not the end of ETA we wanted,” Consuelo Ordonez, head of the Covite victims’ association, said yesterday at a gathering in San Sebastian.

A partial apology by the separatist group last month, in which it acknowledged the harm done and apologised to some of its victims – but not to those it considered legitimate such as police – has left a sour after-taste.

There is also increasing concern in the region over how to remember the decades of violence.

Critics charge that Basque pro-independence parties like Sortu, which include among its ranks people once part of or linked to ETA, are trying to impose their own version of events.

Separatists argue that Basques have been repressed for decades, even centuries, by Spain and France.

That came to a head under Franco who forbade the use of the Basque language in public – cue ETA and its struggle against authority, which so many years later has finally come to an end.

 

 

The Phuket News
The Phuket News
Comment on this story
* Please login to comment. If you do not have an account please register below by simply entering a username, password and email address. You can still leave your comment below at the same time.
Comments Here:

Comments Left: Characters
Username:
Password:
E-mail: (No Hotmail, Live, MSN and Outlook accepted at this time)
Security:
   => Forget password?

Be the first to comment.

The Phuket News
The Phuket News The Phuket News The Phuket News
The Phuket News
Share this
The Phuket News
Have a news tip-off? Click here
The Phuket News
Related stories
The Phuket News
Phuket community

Recent Comments


Emerald Group CEO Sawit Ketroj seeks to reassure Phuket public, investors

Neither sad nor bitter,it's more like being very amused when reading something like:"The reason i rent is because these people can't sell...(Read More)


Dead or alive, search for whale shark continues off Phuket

As I said this is what Thai fishing boats do, they destroy all marine life caught in their long line nets, zero regulation/ sustainability, authoritie...(Read More)


Dead or alive, search for whale shark continues off Phuket

So.. we can "expect the penalty against him to be very serious"...like, somewhere along the lines of Premchai the jaguar killer and soup mak...(Read More)


Dead or alive, search for whale shark continues off Phuket

5 more days searching. Who is paying for that? The owner or the Captain of the fishing boat? On top of a 100,000 thb fine or so? Must be more, as russ...(Read More)


Emerald Group CEO Sawit Ketroj seeks to reassure Phuket public, investors

DKP- you really are a sad and bitter person aren't you!The reason I rent is because these people CAN'T sell their properties and have to rent ...(Read More)


Dead or alive, search for whale shark continues off Phuket

A dead shark fall deep on bottom of the sea because it has not a swim bladder with air but use its fins to go up and down; So, the whale shark is on t...(Read More)


Public rallies banned for coup anniversary

Why is a unelected army Junta afraid of democratic peoples movements calling for democracy? Up to 3520 police officers to protect the few Junta Gener...(Read More)


Phuket Opinion: Make them pay for plastic

You can't impose fines, because there is never anyone available to enforce anything. You have to sting them right at the point of purchase, and it...(Read More)


Phuket Governor orders public vote on marina project amid concerns over coral damage

Based on my experience after seeing many controversial projects, the main selling of a project is done by wealthy interests with no interest other tha...(Read More)


Phuket Opinion: Make them pay for plastic

In developed countries, there is usually a charge of some kind for plastic. The money generated is then used to clean things up and process the trash...(Read More)

The Phuket News
PHUKET NEWS
Phuket
Thailand
World
Business
Q A
Weird World
ARCHIVE
POLL
CURRENCY
WEATHER
PHUKET TIDE TABLE
The Phuket News PHUKET LIFE
Phuket Arts
Phuket Community
Phuket Culture
Phuket Dining
Phuket Education
Phuket Entertainment
Phuket Environment
Phuket Health
Phuket People
Phuket Technology
Phuket Travel
World Entertainment
Photo Galleries
The Phuket News PHUKET SPORT
Phuket
Thailand
World
SURF REPORT
PREDICTIONS
The Phuket News PHUKET CLASSIFIEDS
Phuket Buy and Sell
Phuket Jobs
Phuket Property
Phuket Cars and Boats
Phuket Community
Phuket Services
SEARCH CLASSIFIEDS
POST CLASSIFIED
The Phuket News The Phuket News PHUKET EVENTS
Phuket Event listings
Phuket Event calendar
Buy Tickets
POST EVENT
The Phuket News PHUKET DIRECTORY
Phuket Bars, pubs and clubs
Phuket Hotels and villas
Phuket Restaurants
Phuket Yellow Pages
POST LISTING
The Phuket News BARGAINS
The Phuket News ABOUT US
The Company
Distribution points
Subscribe
Advertise with us
Pay for advert
Contact us
CONTESTS
Content Google Map
Site map
Australian Visa Services
 
Currency - The Phuket News   Weather Report - The Phuket News   Surf Report - The Phuket News
LinkedIn - The Phuket News   Twitter - The Phuket News   YouTube - The Phuket News   Facebook - The Phuket News
Copyright © 2018 Class Act Media. All rights reserved. | Website usage terms and conditions | Privacy and Confidentiality Statement.