THE PAVILIONS PHUKET EPL Prediction Competition 2018-2019 Kata Rocks
Login | Create Account Poll Currency Weather Facebook Youtube Search

The promised land? The struggle for Rastafaris in Ethiopia

ETHIOPIA: They came from across the world to Ethiopia in search of their “promised land”, but for many Rastafarians, struggling to win even basic rights, the dream never materialised.

culturelandreligion
By AFP

Thursday 21 January 2016, 04:20PM


A 500-hectare (1,200-acre) plot of land in the Ethiopian town of Shashamene, was offered to descendents of slaves who wanted to return “home”. Photo: Justine Boulo/AFP

A 500-hectare (1,200-acre) plot of land in the Ethiopian town of Shashamene, was offered to descendents of slaves who wanted to return “home”. Photo: Justine Boulo/AFP

“How did we survive so far? I wonder,” said Reuben Kush, the grey-bearded president of the Ethiopian World Federation, a branch of Rastafarianism.

Mr Kush left his home in Birmingham in Britain a decade ago to join a Rastafarian community based in the southern Ethiopian town of Shashamane, 250 kilometres south of Addis Ababa.

But in decades of existence, the settlement’s around 500 members have failed to win legal rights to property, education or work.

Celebrating the 85th anniversary last month of the 1930 crowning of their messiah, Ethiopian emperor Haile Selassie, the dreadlocked group sway in a circle chanting to a drum beat “Emperor Selassie I, Jah Rastafari”.

Rastafarianism – which jettisoned to worldwide notice in the 1960s and 70s with the music of reggae stars and committed Rastafaris Bob Marley and Jimmy Cliff – first emerged as a spiritual movement in the 1930s among descendants of African slaves in Jamaica, who adopted Haile Selassie as their leader at a time when he stood out as the only independent black monarch in Africa.

They even took their name from his pre-coronation title, “Ras” for “head” and his birth name “Tafari Makonnen”. The “King of Kings” was deposed then killed by a military junta in 1974.

A supporter of decolonisation and cooperation among African states then largely under European control, Haile Selassie in the 1950s set aside 500 hectares in Shashamane to welcome back descendants of slaves seeking to return “home”.

“Ethiopia is our land, for we blacks in the West,” said Mr Kush.

Rastafarians say it was the “divinity” of the land that drew them to Ethiopia, mentioned in the Bible more than 30 times and believed to be the birthplace of the Queen of Sheba, who visited the wise King Solomon.

In the late 1970s, Mengistu Haile Mariam’s Marxist-Leninist regime confiscated the Shashamane plot, prompting most Rastas to flee its authoritarian rule.

When Mengistu’s rule was toppled in 1991, some returned. But life in the promised land remains a struggle, with exile followed by exclusion.

“The Emperor had given us 500 hectares - today we live on six or seven hectares,” said Mr Kush. “Today, we have no control over our property.”

Though many turned their backs on their country of origin by not renewing their passports, they have not been granted Ethiopian nationality, leaving them effectively stateless.

New Paths Retreat

In tightly controlled Ethiopia, still run by Communist-inspired ex-rebels, land is a sensitive issue with Rastas neither allowed to file building permits or own property.

Nor can they work, pay taxes or send their children to university.

“What’s disappointing is that I have to confess to my relatives back home that we aren’t integrated here either,” Mr Kush said.

On the recent anniversary of the emperor’s coronation, Rastafarians gathered as reggae music played and psalms were sung in a church painted red, yellow and green – the colours of both the Ethiopian and Rastafarian flags.

The smell of marijuana hung in air.

“We want to be identified as natural Ethiopians now – not as Jamaican, nor American!” said Paul Phang, a Rastafari leader, without fully clarifying what he meant.

The Rastas’ political wing, the Ethiopian World Federation, started in the 1930s but is still lobbying for their basic rights.

“We’re here to stay. We haven’t been kicked out of Ethiopia after all these years, that means we are accepted,” Mr Kush said.

But they remain in legal limbo.

“Our needs are basic human rights needs,” Mr Kush added. “We need to be able to tell our children that they have a state. Children are being born here and being classed as stateless – not able to get identification here and not able to get IDs from the countries where their parents come from. So we’re in a limbo.”

But with each Rastafarian church celebrating its own way, there are political divisions within the movement too.

“If every one of us was in accord, then these natural rights would have been granted to us already,” said Mr Phang, a priest from the Bobo Ashanti Rastafari group.

“So because of this different ideology, different thinking, it’s like we cannot approach the government in our oneness.”

 

 

Comment on this story

* Please login to comment. If you do not have an account please register below by simply entering a username, password and email address. You can still leave your comment below at the same time.

Comments Here:
Comments Left:
# Characters
Username:
Password:
E-mail:
Security:

Be the first to comment.

Have a news tip-off? Click here

 

Phuket community
Mai Khao beach declared ‘not safe’ after Chinese tourist in coma post-rescue

Wow...what a declaration for a beach holiday destination...that the beach is unsafe. That is why pe...(Read More)


GoAir to launch India’s first direct Phuket flights

Well, Phuket has it's yearly Vegetarian festival, with body punctures and all. Vegetarian food a...(Read More)


Mai Khao beach declared ‘not safe’ after Chinese tourist in coma post-rescue

Are there any thai Phuket governor, vice-governor, or other government Officials daring to say that ...(Read More)


GoAir to launch India’s first direct Phuket flights

As long as the 36% not come all at the same time it should be no problem to cater for them....(Read More)


Amid ‘overtourism’ scourge, global survey questions happiness of residents in major tourism destinations

The article doesn't put Phuket in a row with Barcelona ,Brasilia etc.It's about "Unesco...(Read More)


Royal Thai Navy leads marine rescue exercise in Phuket

Tourist safety starts with prevention, that 'safes' a lot of rescues. Good prevention befor...(Read More)


Govt to splash B151mn to prevent Phuket road flooding

Thai have a low profile commission system, right? Actually to govern well, you do not do important t...(Read More)


Major water shutoff to hit from Phuket Town to Rawai

Nothing wrong with the pipe lay out system. A new "mains "supply pipe will installed.Actua...(Read More)


Govt to splash B151mn to prevent Phuket road flooding

The governor seems to be trying hard to ink a lot of big budget deals just before his leaving Phuket...(Read More)


Traffic safety raises concerns in Phuket light-rail plans

Let's hope the Chalong Underpass is finished before light rail station construction there starts...(Read More)


 

Melbourne Cup 2018