THE PAVILIONS PHUKET BRITISH INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL, PHUKET Kata Rocks
Login | Create Account Poll Currency Weather Facebook Youtube Search

Thai traditional dresses: Dressing smooth in silk

Ever since I was little I have been fascinated by the amazingly gorgeous traditional Thai dresses.


By Sirinya Pakditawan

Sunday 15 January 2017, 11:00AM


The Thai national or traditional dress is called Chut Thai phra ratcha niyom ชุดไทยพระราชนิยม in Thai which means ‘Thai dress of royal endorsement’. This kind of dress (chut Thai) is commonly worn on formal occasions as national costume.

Today we can distinguish between eight different styles of Thai national dresses.

They are said to have originated in the mid-20th century. In fact, when Queen Sirikit accompanied the King in state visits to Western countries in 1960, she realised the need for a modern Thai national costume.

Thus, Queen Sirikit had research conducted concerning historical records of royal dresses.

Consequently, eight official designs were developed and also promoted by Queen Sirikit herself.

I will focus on traditional Thai dresses for women, but of course there is also Thai national attire for men.


Chut Thai Chakkri

Chut Thai Chakkri is a very formal and elegant dress. This kind of garment is usually produced by using the Yok weaving technique.

A special feature of the Yok weaving method is that it creates additional thickness within the fabrics without adding extra threads.

In the Thai Chakkri style the Pha-Sin, that is the Pha-Noong or skirt, is a full length wrap skirt. This skirt has two pleated folds in front which are called Na-Nang.

 

Chut Thai Boromphiman

Thai Boromphiman is also a formal evening attire, it can be worn at formal ceremonies and royal functions.

The Thai Boromphiman comprises a long-sleeved, round-necked, buttoned blouse which is tucked beneath the ankle length Pha-Noong skirt with its front pleats (Na-Nang).

The blouse and the skirt are sown together so that they form a one piece dress. The Thai Boromphiman is made of brocaded fabrics in order to create a very luxurious appearance.

 

Chut Thai Siwalai

The only difference between this dress and the first two is that the Thai Siwalai has a shawl draped over the long-sleeved blouse.

This shawl is also called sbai in Thai. Thai Siwalai is also worn in royal ceremonies and other formal occasions.


Chut Thai Chakkraphat

First of all, it is important to mention that Chakkraphat means emperor in Thai language.

Hence, Thai Chakkraphat is an official and conservative traditional Thai dress with a shawl similar to the Thai Chakkri.

QSI International School Phuket

Nevertheless, it appears even more put together because the shawl is thicker, richly embroidered and decorated with beautiful ornaments. It can be worn in royal or national ceremonies.


Chut Thai Chitlada

Thai Chitlada is a daytime ceremonial dress. Hence, it is worn on formal occasions such as welcoming royal guests at the airport.

The Thai Chitlada can be worn with a long sleeved buttoned silk blouse. The skirt (Pha-Noong) is a casual wrap skirt that has a brocaded band at the hem.

It is not necessary to wear royal decorations with this style. However, the colour of the dress should be appropriate for the respective occasion.


Chut Thai Ruean Ton

The Thai Ruean Ton is the most casual style of all eight traditional designs presented here.

It is most often worn at non-official functions. For example, the ceremony of the conferring of royal offerings to the monks (Khtin ton).

The Thai Ruean Ton comprises a collarless buttoned blouse and a striped or plain coloured skirt with a patterned band at the hem.

This is sometimes folded to one side. The Thai Ruean Ton is a two piece dress which means that the blouse and the skirt are separate.


Chut Thai Amarin

The Thai Amarin or Amarintra is a beautiful formal evening gown. It is made of brocaded fabric and ornaments. The blouse is usually round-necked and the skirt is ankle length.

With this style, royal decorations are worn. The Thai Amarin is a dress for an evening dinner or the Royal Birthday Procession.


Chut Thai Dusit

Thai Dusit is the most Western style of all eight traditional Thai dresses presented here.

It is a wide necked and sleeveless brocaded dress. The skirt and top are sown together so that they form a one piece dress.

The Thai Dusit can be worn for evening ceremonies in place of a Western style dress.

For this kind of dress, Yok silk fabric is used. The Thai Dusit can be either worn with Thai or Western style jewellery.

I really enjoyed researching about Thai traditional dresses and since I have not been to the Queen Sirikit Museum of Textiles in Bangkok, this place is on my top priority list next time I have the chance to go there.

Finally, I’d like to close this article with a picture of little me in a traditional Thai dress. This is probably the casual Thai Ruean Ton style.

 

 

Comment on this story

* Please login to comment. If you do not have an account please register below by simply entering a username, password and email address. You can still leave your comment below at the same time.

Comments Here:
Comments Left:
# Characters
Username:
Password:
E-mail:
Security:

Be the first to comment.

Have a news tip-off? Click here

 

Phuket community
DPM Prawit tight-lipped since joking about Nairobi attack

DPM/ Minister of Defence Prawit better spend his energy on fighting and isolating the thai terrorist...(Read More)


New B25mn tsunami-warning buoy ‘to be operational tomorrow’

The two clueless ones can babble on as much as they like. The buoys are just an abject waste of time...(Read More)


Tout dumps slow loris with tourist, evades arrest at Kata Beach

Get it right. Again check the act. No point in making a comment when you dont know what you're ...(Read More)


Bangkok haze sweeps into surrounding provinces

Silly "Bangkok Post".Calling it "Haze" again.Our prof. on here corrected them al...(Read More)


New B25mn tsunami-warning buoy ‘to be operational tomorrow’

",,,when you live high/dry" In your case i believe the being"high" state,"d...(Read More)


TAT cultivates India as rich source of tourist arrivals

A rich source of tourists, but not a source of rich tourists......(Read More)


Phuket Opinion: ‘Reviving’ drowning victims

I'm a first aid instructor, but I would NEVER give CPR to someone in Thailand for one simple fac...(Read More)


Phuket Opinion: ‘Reviving’ drowning victims

Great informative article. Every Phuket beach life guard, all tourist boat 'captain's' s...(Read More)


US Govt shutdown prevents tsunami-warning buoy going live

The sane world really needs to focus on weaning itself from the US. The empire is crumbling and ther...(Read More)


Model claiming Trump secrets ’dragged’ into Russian detention

The only reason she was arrested i. Moscow was the Thai government turned her in. ...(Read More)