Major clashes between the army and the Muslim insurgents erupted last month, triggering a dire refugee crisis with nearly half a million Rohingya fleeing across the border to Bangladesh.
An information war has followed, as Myanmar’s government pushes back against UN accusations that the army is waging a campaign of “ethnic cleansing” against the stateless Rohingya, who have faced persecution in the mainly Buddhist country for decades.
Yesterday the army flew journalists to an area where the mass graves of 45 Hindu villagers, including many women and children, were discovered earlier this week.
The military has accused Rohingya militants of carrying on the massacre on August 25, the same day the group staged deadly raids on police posts that sparked the military backlash.
In its first official statement on the allegations, the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (Arsa) “categorically” denied that its members “perpetrated murder, sexual violence, or forcible recruitment” in the area on 25 August.
They called on the army to stop “victim-blaming”, according to the statement, which was posted on the Arsa’s Twitter account.
It used an apparent local name – “Fakirabazar” – for the Kha Maung Seik village tract where the mass graves were found, in the statement posted on Twitter yesterday.
The decomposing skeletal bodies remained laid out in rows on a grassy field outside the village of Ye Baw Kyaw as distraught relatives wailed, according to journalists at the scene.
Security officers are still searching for 48 missing Hindus who relatives fear are dead.
The army has tried to control the narrative over the crisis, restricting press access to the conflict zone while it posts regular updates that blame Rohingya militants for the bloodshed.
Government and military reports have also sought to highlight the suffering of other ethnic groups, such as Rakhine Buddhists and Hindus, swept up in the communal unrest.
Hindus who fled the area have said that masked men stormed into their community that day and hacked victims to death with machetes before dumping them into freshly-dug pits.
Ni Maul, a Hindu leader who has helped authorities with the search, told media on the army-led press trip that they found the burial sites using testimony from eight Hindu women who were spared and brought to Bangladesh after they agreed to convert to Islam.
“They kept the beautiful eight women alive to marry,” he said.
Four Hindu women displaced in Bangladesh said they were among the eight who escaped the massacre in the same area of Kha Maung Seik, with eight children in tow.
“We begged for our lives, asking they spare the women,” 22-year-old Bina Sheel said at a small village for Hindu refugees in the Bangladeshi border district of Cox’s Bazar.
“They asked if we would marry them. We said yes, to save our lives.”
All four women said they were taken to Rohingya Muslim camps inside Bangladesh by the attackers. Sheel said her captor urged her to convert to Islam before she was brought to the Hindu village by a local leader.
The latest violence has intensified long-running religious hatreds and been complicated by a swirl of rival narratives from different ethnic groups.
The focal point of the unrest, Rakhine’s Maungdaw district, was once home to several religious communities, with the Rohingya a majority.
But more than half of the Muslim population has now abandoned their homes, with scores of villages burnt to the ground, while up to 30,000 Buddhists and Hindus have also fled.
Rights groups accuse troops of using arson to force the Rohingya out and block their return, a charge the army denies.
Yesterday a Myanmar minister, Win Myat Aye, was quoted in state media as saying the government would manage all fire-damaged land in Rakhine, a development likely to raise concern about the Rohingya refugees’ ability to return.