Gen Ong-Art immediately paid his respects to Thao Thepkrassatri and Thao Srisoonthorn,the island's two heroines, before starting work on Monday.
Gen Ong-Art, who is due to retire in a year's time, was born in Yasothorn Province. His most recent posting was as police commander in Nakhon Ratchassima, Thailand's largest province.
As he arrived, his predecessor, Maj Gen Choti Chavalviwat, left the island. He has now retired, and will split his time between Bangkok, Phuket and Narathiwat. He, too, headed Phuket's police for just one year.