THE PAVILIONS PHUKET EPL Prediction Competition 2018-2019 Kata Rocks
Login | Create Account Poll Currency Weather Facebook Youtube Search

Making sense of defense volunteers

What is a “territorial defense volunteer”? Is it part of the Army? Navy? Royal Thai Police?

policemilitarycrime
By The Phuket News

Wednesday 28 October 2015, 09:39AM


Full-time Territorial Defense Volunteers undergo formal training by Thai Armed Forces personnel.

Full-time Territorial Defense Volunteers undergo formal training by Thai Armed Forces personnel.

I see them mentioned in the news all the time. I recently saw a news story about a territorial defense volunteer allegedly breaking a tourist’s nose with his gun. (See story here.)

 But who are they? And what do they do?

– Charlie, Chalong

ANSWER

The man mentioned in that news story is a Territorial Defense Volunteer, or part of the Volunteer Defense Corps, known in Thai as the OrSor or Kong Asa Raksa Dindaen.

The OrSor is not an army or police volunteer unit. It is a paramilitary unit established under the Volunteer Corps Act 1954, set up by the government specifically to counter communist threats and attacks at the village level at the time.

The OrSor is supervised by the Department of Local Administration and reports directly to the Interior Minister at the national level. The Provincial Governor is the unit chief at the provincial level and District Chiefs chair the district-level units.

A Territorial Defense Volunteer’s main duty is to maintain the interior security of the nation at war time or from natural disaster. These volunteers are called on to assist police and officials in law-enforcement duties and render assistance to villagers in case they are under threat from disaster or a common armed force.

Do not confuse the OrSor with the Village Defense Volunteers (ChorRorBor) or the Village Protection Volunteers (OrRorBor), though these units basically serve the same functions and also report to the District Chief, Provincial Governor and the Interior Minister at the respective levels.

These organisations were all formed under the Ministry of Interior at different times, and any members of any of these three agencies can be empowered to carry firearms.

Also do not confuse any of the three above with the Civil Defense Volunteers, who some Thais still also call OrSor – as OrSor literally only means “volunteer”. This organisation was set up under the Civil Defense Act 1979, which has now been outdated by the Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Act 2007.

As you can guess by the name of the acts, the Civil Defense Volunteers assist the DDPM perform its duties. They can be empowered to carry firearms, though that would only be in a dire emergency.

All four organisations carry the name “Volunteer” as the people who serve them must have volunteered. None of them are regular Thai Armed Forces personnel, and hence none have been conscripted.

Territorial Defense Volunteers are recognised by whether they are full time, casual or part time, or on call.

Full-time volunteers undergo about five months of training, after which they are attached to a unit and receive a monthly salary of B9,000. Casual or part-time volunteers do not receive formal training and do not receive any income from the government.

On-call volunteers are all full-time volunteers. They are the support unit for the full-time units.

The basic qualifications for becoming a Territorial Defense Volunteers are:

• Thai national with at least lower secondary school education (Matthayom 3)

• 21-35 years old, and exempt from military service.

• In full health, with no disability and not a member of any religious clergy and not a member of the Red Cross organization.

• Good character references, no criminal history, no previous association with drugs or have a history of violent behaviour.

– Sayan Chanachaiwong, Kathu District Chief.

 

 

Comment on this story

* Please login to comment. If you do not have an account please register below by simply entering a username, password and email address. You can still leave your comment below at the same time.

Comments Here:
Comments Left:
# Characters
Username:
Password:
E-mail:
Security:

Be the first to comment.

Have a news tip-off? Click here

 

Phuket community
Weapons, ammunition found in vehicle of man shot dead by Phuket police

Well done police...one more lawless social menace off the streets for good....(Read More)


Phuket man, 29, shot dead while fleeing police

Got to agree with Kurt, how was he fleeing if he was sat in his car and a police officer could shoot...(Read More)


Phuket-bound mules busted with 780kg of kratom

Daring/bluffing ones sometimes own 'half the world'. But not always. We read about arrests ...(Read More)


Phuket mops up after storm lashes island, plunges businesses into darkness

Winds about 46 km/h are not seen as 'heavy storm' meteo-wise. Wind Speed 39-49 km/h is just ...(Read More)


Phuket man, 29, shot dead while fleeing police

Shot dead sitting in car while fleeing police? Excuse me, do I miss something? He was not a immedi...(Read More)


Tour bus brakes fail on Patong Hill

See if Bill Murray will come to the Patong hill to do a remake of 'Groundhog Day'....(Read More)


Phuket-bound mules busted with 780kg of kratom

That is a ridiculous load to try to sneak past the checkpoint. However, I do remember stories about ...(Read More)


Phuket mops up after storm lashes island, plunges businesses into darkness

Wow. Poor design, construction? No inspections by engineers? First storm after grand opening. Winds ...(Read More)


223 monkeys caught in Phuket mass-sterilisation Round 2, 162 sterilised so far

I understand that it are private institutions like Soi Dog Foundation ( running on donations) doing ...(Read More)


Royal Turf Club runs its last race

Can't imagine world wide a Turf club without gambling. After all, gambling brings in the money ...(Read More)


 

Melbourne Cup 2018