Kata Rocks
THE PAVILIONS PHUKET BRITISH INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL, PHUKET Kata Rocks
The Phuket News Novosti Phuket Khao Phuket

Login | Create Account | Search


Making sense of defense volunteers

Making sense of defense volunteers

What is a “territorial defense volunteer”? Is it part of the Army? Navy? Royal Thai Police?

policemilitarycrime
By The Phuket News

Wednesday 28 October 2015, 09:39AM


Full-time Territorial Defense Volunteers undergo formal training by Thai Armed Forces personnel.

Full-time Territorial Defense Volunteers undergo formal training by Thai Armed Forces personnel.

I see them mentioned in the news all the time. I recently saw a news story about a territorial defense volunteer allegedly breaking a tourist’s nose with his gun. (See story here.)

 But who are they? And what do they do?

– Charlie, Chalong

ANSWER

The man mentioned in that news story is a Territorial Defense Volunteer, or part of the Volunteer Defense Corps, known in Thai as the OrSor or Kong Asa Raksa Dindaen.

The OrSor is not an army or police volunteer unit. It is a paramilitary unit established under the Volunteer Corps Act 1954, set up by the government specifically to counter communist threats and attacks at the village level at the time.

The OrSor is supervised by the Department of Local Administration and reports directly to the Interior Minister at the national level. The Provincial Governor is the unit chief at the provincial level and District Chiefs chair the district-level units.

A Territorial Defense Volunteer’s main duty is to maintain the interior security of the nation at war time or from natural disaster. These volunteers are called on to assist police and officials in law-enforcement duties and render assistance to villagers in case they are under threat from disaster or a common armed force.

Do not confuse the OrSor with the Village Defense Volunteers (ChorRorBor) or the Village Protection Volunteers (OrRorBor), though these units basically serve the same functions and also report to the District Chief, Provincial Governor and the Interior Minister at the respective levels.

These organisations were all formed under the Ministry of Interior at different times, and any members of any of these three agencies can be empowered to carry firearms.

Also do not confuse any of the three above with the Civil Defense Volunteers, who some Thais still also call OrSor – as OrSor literally only means “volunteer”. This organisation was set up under the Civil Defense Act 1979, which has now been outdated by the Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Act 2007.

SPARTAN INTERNATIONAL

As you can guess by the name of the acts, the Civil Defense Volunteers assist the DDPM perform its duties. They can be empowered to carry firearms, though that would only be in a dire emergency.

All four organisations carry the name “Volunteer” as the people who serve them must have volunteered. None of them are regular Thai Armed Forces personnel, and hence none have been conscripted.

Territorial Defense Volunteers are recognised by whether they are full time, casual or part time, or on call.

Full-time volunteers undergo about five months of training, after which they are attached to a unit and receive a monthly salary of B9,000. Casual or part-time volunteers do not receive formal training and do not receive any income from the government.

On-call volunteers are all full-time volunteers. They are the support unit for the full-time units.

The basic qualifications for becoming a Territorial Defense Volunteers are:

• Thai national with at least lower secondary school education (Matthayom 3)

• 21-35 years old, and exempt from military service.

• In full health, with no disability and not a member of any religious clergy and not a member of the Red Cross organization.

• Good character references, no criminal history, no previous association with drugs or have a history of violent behaviour.

– Sayan Chanachaiwong, Kathu District Chief.

Comment on this story

* Please login to comment. If you do not have an account please register below by simply entering a username, password and email address. You can still leave your comment below at the same time.

CAPTCHA

Be the first to comment.

Have a news tip-off? Click here

 

Phuket community
Sticky rice vendor killed as motorbike struck by drunk pickup driver

Sadly another fatal road accident in our little village. We see cars and trucks daily, hurtling thro...(Read More)


Missing kayaking couple: ‘We must not lose hope,’ says Vice Governor

As we ( the Yachting community) knew the current is there very strong always N to S up to 2-3 knots ...(Read More)


Motorists asked to ‘drive carefully’ as concrete sheets fall from Chalong Underpass walls

Which Phuket thai Authority is responsible for damage to my car due to 'falling off' panels ...(Read More)


Government calls on volunteers to battle plastic trash crisis

When thai Government feels Thailand is in a plastic trash crisis, than send during weekends Official...(Read More)


Poor rating for Prayut after six months in office: Poll

Army personal, 'grown up' gerimental in barracks, poor educated, are at old age not mentally...(Read More)


Phuket Opinion: Safer drivers on the horizon

Yes, it is a big joke. The only 'enforcement' will some day happening during one of the famo...(Read More)


Phuket, Chon Buri minimum wage to rise B6, from Jan 1

That will surely turn the economy round, and extra 30 baht per week to be spent....(Read More)


Search area expanded in hunt for couple missing on kayak off Phuket

A group of 4 kayaks only? And they did not stick together in for them strange waters? Why a part o...(Read More)


Phuket navy base to 'monitor' Myanmar sub in Andaman

The model, with a displacement of 3,000 tonnes, is well known for its quiet operation. The sub can b...(Read More)