The powerhouses of the game will meet in Melbourne on October 27 in Pool A, which also features France and Lebanon.
The Kiwis, who Australia smashed 34-2 in the 2013 final at Manchester’s Old Trafford, begin their campaign in Auckland a day later in Pool B that includes Scotland and Tonga.
Australia, New Zealand and Papua New Guinea, where rugby league is the national sport, co-host the tournament that culminates with the final in Brisbane on December 2.
“Rugby league is truly a game for everyone. We hope the Rugby League World Cup 2017 leaves a legacy for the game that sees it continue to grow and dominate the sporting landscape,” said the tournament’s chief executive Michael Brown.
Games will be hosted in more than a dozen locations to give as many fans as possible a chance to see some live action, including Canberra, Darwin, Christchurch, Auckland and Port Moresby.
“Over the course of the pool stages we have looked to position matches in strong rugby league communities and where large populations of expats, Pacific and indigenous fans live,” said Brown.
“The decision to take matches to places like Darwin, Perth, Christchurch and Port Moresby were made with the future of the game in mind. They are matches we believe will give profile to the sport in markets that have already shown an appetite for rugby league.”
Pool C features Papua New Guinea and two others coming from a European qualifying tournament later this year, with Wales, Ireland, Russia, Serbia, Italy and Spain in contention.
Fiji, the United States and a third European nation fill out Pool D.
2017 RUGBY LEAGUE WORLD CUP FIXTURES
Australia v England (Melbourne)
PNG v Euro Q1 (Port Moresby); New Zealand v Samoa (Auckland); Fiji v USA (Townsville)
Scotland v Tonga (Cairns); Euro Q2 v Euro Q3 (Cairns); France v Lebanon (Canberra)
Australia v France (Canberra)
New Zealand v Scotland (Christchurch); Samoa v Tonga (Hamilton); England v Lebanon (Sydney) November 5
PNG v Euro Q2 (Port Moresby); Euro Q3 v USA (Townsville); Fiji v Euro Q1 (Townsville)
Fiji v Euro Q3 (Canberra)
Samoa v Scotland (Cairns); New Zealand v Tonga (Hamilton); Australia v Lebanon (Sydney)
PNG v USA (Port Moresby); Euro Q1 vs Euro Q2 (Perth); England v France (Perth)
Quarter-final (Christchurch); Quarter-final (Wellington)